India opener Shikhar Dhawan smashed another hundred and KL Rahul made a record-equalling half-century before Sri Lanka hit back on day one of the third Test in Pallekele.
Dhawan put Sri Lanka's attack to the sword with a magnificent 190 in the first Test and he hit a brisk 119 as the India openers cashed in after Virat Kohli won the toss on Saturday.
Rahul (85) gave another exhibition of his class at the top of the order, becoming only the sixth man to score 50 or more in seven consecutive Test innings courtesy of a first-wicket stand of 188.
Malinda Pushpakumara (3-40), in only his second Test, sparked Sri Lanka's revival after lunch and Lakshan Sandakan (2-84) struck twice, leaving India 329-6 at stumps as they target a 3-0 series whitewash.
Wriddhiman Saha (13 not out) and Hardik Pandya (1 no) will resume in Kandy on Sunday.
The aggressive Dhawan latched on to short stuff from the recalled Lahiru Kumara with some exquisite cuts, while Rahul pulled expertly and drove with elegance as India got off to an ominous start.
Kumara was removed from the attack after only three overs and failed to redeem himself for a poor opening spell when he dropped Rahul on 28 running back from mid-on off the bowling of Dimuth Karunaratne.
That proved to be costly as Dhawan and Rahul continued to score all too easily, the left-hander setting about spinner Dilruwan Perera.
The prolific Rahul, who timed the ball superbly, etched his name in the record books with yet another half-century and Dhawan raced on to 64 as India reached lunch on 134 without loss.
Angelo Mathews had no time to react when Rahul edged a cut past him at slip off Sandakan, but he missed out on a century after dancing down the track to strike Pushpakumara to Karunaratne at mid-on.
Cheteshwar Pujara was rattled on the helmet by a short ball from Kumara before Dhawan brought up his sixth Test hundred by using his feet superbly to drive Pushpakumara wide of mid-off for four.
Dhawan's stylish 123-ball knock, which included 17 boundaries, ended when he swept Pushpakumara to a diving Dinesh Chandimal and Pujara (8) fell before tea, caught cutting Sandakan to Mathews in the slips, as the hosts' persistence finally paid off.
Pushpakumara bowled Ajinkya Rahane (17) and Sandakan claimed the scalp of Kohli, who was taken by Karunaratne at slip eight short of a half-century, in a strong Sri Lanka fightback.
Vishwa Fernando, playing his second Test a year after his debut, also snared Ravichandran Ashwin (31) caught behind at full stretch by Niroshan Dickwella to give Sri Lanka another late lift.
|England collapse as Aussies bowl out Ashes tourists for 302|
|Ronaldo will deliver when needed for Madrid – Alonso|
|Hunt recommits to Wallabies, Reds|
|Blues appoint Fittler in quest for Origin glory|
|Starc rips knee, pants at Gabba|
|Rodrigo commits to Valencia until 2022|
|Parker news conference unprofessional, says Joshua|
|All Blacks injuries no help to Wales – Gatland|
|Domestic bliss? Montella targets Serie A resurgence after Europa League success|
|Rooney stands by Unsworth after Everton humiliation|
|He deserved more chances – Hazard hails ´top player´ Salah|
|Hartley set to lead England at Six Nations despite Samoa omission|
|We have to stay awake all the time - Coutinho frustrated after Sevilla collapse|
|Everton 1 Atalanta 5: Cristante and Cornelius knock more shine off Premier League strugglers|
|AC Milan 5 Austria Wien 1: Andre Silva sends Montella´s men through to the last 32|
|Joshua: Awkward Fury a ´nutjob´, but I´d knock Wilder out with one punch|
|Wasteful Arsenal leave Wenger frustrated|
|Goffin: Belgium have nothing to lose in Davis Cup final|
|McInnes to remain at Aberdeen despite links to Rangers, West Brom|
|Robinho given prison sentence in Italy for 2013 sexual assault|
|Cologne 1 Arsenal 0: Gunners secure top spot despite defeat|
|Vikings´ Griffen asks fans to help name his baby during Thanksgiving game|
|The Breakdown: A statistical look at Saturday´s rugby internationals|
|All Blacks skipper Read to miss Wales clash|
|Silva not giving ´one more word´ on Everton speculation|
|North free to choose region, insists Gatland|
|Everton sign Bramley Moore Dock lease|
|UEFA investigating Bayern after fans throw fake money in protest over Champions League prices|
|North´s Northampton spell ´like having a Ferrari in your garage but you can´t find the key´|
|Robben out of Gladbach clash with ´minor´ calf strain|
|Pochettino pleased to see Rose emotion|
|Fury still looks far from fitness with hearing set for December|
|Mourinho factor makes Man Utd a title threat, says Lampard|
|Chase hit with two-year ban for cocaine use|
|Jones returns to lead much-changed Wales against All Blacks|
|Chelsea´s best chance of success is Champions League, claims Lampard|
|F1 Raceweek: Hamilton not relishing imminent Halo, Vettel wants Baku awards|
|Cummins savours taking ´dream´ Root wicket|
|Jones makes nine England changes as Simmonds starts at number eight|
|Robben: It could be over for me after this season|
|Newcastle Jets 4 Melbourne Victory 1: Nabbout at the double|
|Chawrasia leads from Fitzpatrick in Hong Kong|
|Vince revels in silencing the doubters|
|Happy Sanchez could win the Premier League for Arsenal, Lauren claims|
|Davis leads Australian Open as Spieth struggles in the wind|
|Halep tips Dimitrov for grand slam glory|
|The Ashes round-up: England falter after Vince and Stoneman half-centuries|
|Angered Neymar storms away from Real Madrid questions|
|Bayern played their worst ´for a long time´ - Boateng|
|Australia fight back on tight first day in Brisbane|
|Neymar form no surprise for Alves|
|Fiji ready for another mission impossible - Naiqama|
|Vince helps England continue fine start|
|Thunder roll as Westbrook goes off against Warriors, Cavs win|
|Kiwis would consider Bennett as coach|
|Meninga unhappy with Aussie preparations ahead of World Cup semi|
|Federer congratulates Basel after Man Utd scalp|
|Heat snap Celtics´ 16-game winning streak|
|Spurs star Leonard has unique issue, Popovich says|
|England steady after early Cook loss in Brisbane|
|Gremio 1 Lanus 0: Cicero gives Brazilians advantage in Libertadores final|
|Hazard: I admire Madrid, but I´m happy at Chelsea|
|Neuer or De Gea? Digne says Ter Stegen is world´s best keeper|
|Allegri satisfied with draw against ´extraordinary´ Barcelona|
|Nainggolan reaffirms Roma commitment after Simeone praise|
|Chiefs sign veteran CB Revis|
|England choose to bat as Warner, Marsh cleared to play for Australia|
|Beathard, not Garoppolo, named 49ers starter v Seahawks|
|Simeone hails Griezmann´s ´extraordinary´ volley|
|Emery hails Neymar after stunning Celtic win|